The course will focus mainly on discussions in critical theory and continental philosophy, in particular poststructuralist feminist philosophy dedicated to the topic of the posthuman. Departing from Michel Foucault’s proclamation of “death of man” as epistemological transcendence of enlightenment centered humanism, studies in posthumanities have contributed for a productive destabilization of certain humanist myths and anthropocentrist vision of society, technology and economy. It intends to do justice to the contributions of the poststructuralist episteme but also expose its limitations.
Criticisms provided by the new forms of realism emerging from continental philosophical tradition open to hybridize its paradigm not only with the analytic tradition, philosophy of mind, philosophies of science but also with the sciences too, will enable a greater opening for a deeper interdisciplinarity which establishes a radical democracy of thought between philosophy and sciences. Such enabling trends or emerging traditions are diverse realist and materialist philosophies that are often associated with around the so-called “speculative turn” – we declare our reservations toward the notion itself, referring to it as a vague denominator referring to a particular point in time when consonant trends of philosophy emerged toward the end of the first decade of this century. Here, we have in mind the Utrecht school of feminist materialism and philosophy of sciences, trends of philosophy and theory associated with the work of Ray Brassier and Quentin Meillassoux, non-philosophy or non-standard philosophy and its Marxist variants inspired by the work of François Laruelle, the Ljubljana school of revisiting the political relevance of the notion of the Real, the parahuman of the Sofia philosophical circle, and others. We are also curious in exploring the new mathematical theory and philosophy of sciences that engages in a materialist critique of the dominant epistemologies (Paul Cockshott, Allin F. Cottrell, and others), in particular its application in political economics. Accelerationism and its posthumanist vision as well as that of technology and the related eschatology of “singularity,” will be subject of study and discussion too. Neurosciences meet philosophy, from Meillassoux to the Churchlands is another component that will be covered by the set of syllabi.